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Addictive disorders are a group of disorders which cause psychological as well as physical damage. Getting treatment is important for breaking the addiction cycle. However, as a chronic disease, addiction is hard to treat and needs on-going care. In the United States, about 8.1 percent of the population, or 21.7 million people, either need or receive regularly treatment for disorders related to substance use, based on the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.


The Treatment Process

The first step in the recovery is accepting that the use of substance has become an issue in the life of the person that is destroying the quality of their life. This might result from impairment in work, school, recreational, social or other major areas of function. As soon as an individual identifies the negative impact of a substance on their life, a number of treatment options are available.

A person who has an addictive disorder needs access to treatment. For a lot of people, treatment can last for the rest of their lives. They are going to have to abstain from the substance on a permanent basis which could be difficult. Treatment plans for addictive disorders are going to change in order to meet the needs of the patient.

Treatment options for addiction depend on many factors, such as the type of disorder, the seriousness and the length of use as well as the effects on the individual. A doctor is going to treat or refer for treatment whatever physical complications which have developed, like liver disease in a person through alcohol use disorder or respiratory issues in people with addiction to substances that have been smoked.

There are treatment options available and a lot of people experiencing addiction are going to receive many kinds of approaches. None of the addiction treatments for addictive disorders work for each person. Common interventions could involve a combination of outpatient and inpatient programs, psychological counseling, medication and self-help groups.



Detoxification is usually the first step in treatment. This occurs when there is a clearing of a substance from the body as well as limiting withdrawal reactions. In 80 percent of cases, a treatment clinic is going to use medications to minimize withdrawal symptoms, based on the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SAMSHA and Jade Recovery Denver. If a person is addicted to more than a single substance, they are often going to need medications to reduce withdrawal symptoms for each.

In 2017, an electronic device called the NSS-2 Bridge became available to reduce opiate withdrawal. The device is located behind the ear and sends off electrical pulses to trigger specific nerves that could provide relief from withdrawal symptoms.


Counseling and Behavioral Therapies

This is the most common form of treatment which follows detoxification. Therapy could happen on a one-to-one, group, or family basis which depends on the needs of the individual. It is commonly intensive at the outset of the addiction treatment due to the number of sessions that slowly reduces over time as symptoms improve. Different kinds of therapy include cognitive-behavioral therapy, multi-dimensional family therapy, motivational interviewing and motivational incentives.

Counseling for addiction is aimed at helping people change their attitudes and their behaviors regarding the use of a substance, as well as strengthening the skills in life as well as supporting other treatments.


Rehabilitation Programs

Long-term treatment programs for addictive and substance-related disorders could be very effective and usually focus on staying drug-free and resuming function within professional, social and family responsibilities. Fully licensed residential facilities are available to have a 24-hour care program, give a safe housing environment, and supply all the needed medical interventions or aid. A few kinds of facility can give a therapeutic environment, which includes short-term residential treatment, recovery housing and therapeutic communities.


Self-Help Groups

These could help the recovering individual meet others that have the same addictive disorder and often enhances motivation and minimizes feelings of isolation. They could also serve as a useful source of community, education and information. Some examples of self-help groups include Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. People who are struggling with other kinds of addiction can find out about self-help groups in their community through an internet search or by asking a doctor or nurse for more information.



A person could take medication on a continuous basis when you recover from a substance-related disorder and its related complications. Most people commonly use medications in detoxification to manage withdrawal symptoms. The medication is going to change depending on the substance that the person is addicted to. Longer-term use of medications is going to help reduce cravings and avoid relapse or a return to the use of the substance after you recover from addiction. Medication is not a standalone addiction treatment and should accompany other management methods like psychotherapy.

Substance-related disorders are complex and chronic diseases that need long-term, intensive treatment. The kind of substance involved as well as the seriousness of the addiction is going to dictate the treatment’s course.